Diabetic amyotrophy is one of the most common types of diabetic neuropathy or the disorder that affects the other segments of the nervous system outside the brain and the spinal cord. The four most common types of neuropathy in diabetes are:
1. Autonomic Neuropathy – affected organ might include the heart, bladder, lungs, intestines, sex organs and the eyes.
2. Peripheral Neuropathy – the nerves at the end of the limbs are affected. Effects are usually first observed in the fingers and toes.
3. Mononeuropathy – This is the sudden damage of one nerve which could be anywhere in the body.
4. Diabetic Amyotrophy – Common to Type 2 diabetics and also referred to as proximal neuropathy, femoral neuropathy or radiculoplexus neuropathy.
The most common type of neuropathy starts at the limb end, or at the toes or fingers. With the diabetic amyotrophy, the pain will start from the center of the body, usually at the hips, thigh or buttocks area. Pain can be concentrated on one side of the body at the start but will eventually increase coverage to both sides and the entire limb. Pain intensity will also progress and is usually excruciating. Other symptoms also include abdominal swelling, slight numbness, and difficulty to movement, limb weakness and eventual atrophy. The condition will continue to intensify for the first six months and will start to abate and get better after. It will take two to three years to fully rehabilitate the limbs.
Type 2 diabetics are most prone to diabetic amyotrophy. So what is diabetes? Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. Metabolism is the process of turning eaten foods to glucose to be absorbed by the body to form as energy. With diabetics, they are able to turn the convert food to energy form but are unable to absorb the glucose triggering abnormally high levels of blood sugar. This is either due to insulin deficiency or the failure of the insulin to function.
For Type 1 diabetes, the patient’s body is not producing insulin at all, and this is usually developed young. While for the Type 2 diabetes, the body is not producing enough or the insulin is not effective in absorbing the glucose to the body cells. Type 2 diabetes occurs during adulthood. To address the insulin deficiency of the body, insulin shots are required. Both Type 1 and 2 are incurable but the symptoms can be controlled and managed with insulin shots, other medications and proper type 1 and type 2 diabetes diet.
A diabetic’s diet is always geared to maintain the blood sugar level. Food content should be high in carbohydrates and fibers. Starches are required in the diet, as well as fruits and vegetables. Patients should stay away from meats, processes products and fatty foods.
Being healthy is the best way to avoid Type 2 diabetes. Maintaining ideal weight also counts a lot as obesity is also a main factor to developing the disease. Vices like smoking and drinking should be avoided or kept to minimum. A regular glucose tolerance test would also help to early detection of diabetes and avoidance of the diabetic amyotrophy.
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