The World Health Organization estimates that there are over 220 million people who suffer with diabetes. This number is steadily increasing all of the time, and can affect anyone. Diabetes is a condition where the quantity of glucose in the blood stream is too high, because the body cannot process it properly. Many people who suffer with Diabetes need to control their weight, therefor it is important to have knowledge on Diabetic Diet Food.
The pancreas is the cause of the problem for diabetics, it is either not producing enough insulin, or it isn’t producing any at all. The main purpose of insulin is to enable the glucose to enter the body’s cells. Even when insulin is being produced, it might be faulty, and not work properly, often called insulin resistance.
The first diabetes usually first develops in young children, and is where the pancreas fails to make any insulin. It used to be known as early onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or insulin dependent diabetes. Symptoms develop very quickly as the level of insulin within the bloodstream becomes very low, and the body cannot process the glucose. It is treated by insulin injections and diet.
Diabetes of the Type 2 sort mainly develops in people over the age of 40, although it can happen in earlier life. It is becoming more common in people who are overweight, and tends to run in families. Also as the body ages, people are more prone to succumbing to the type 2 version. This type used to be known as non insulin dependent diabetes. This can largely be controlled through diet, but can also involve insulin injections in some cases.
Unfortunately insulin cannot be administered in tablet form. Gastric juices would nullify the insulin before it had time to work. So the main method of administration is the subcutaneous injection. Some people have been trying insulin pumps, and the results have been very promising.
For the individual to self diagnose type 2 diabetes can be quite confusing. The symptoms are often not very clear, but the most common ones are tiredness, drinking more fluids, going to the bathroom more often, and weight loss. In some cases people might experience their vision becoming blurred, and find that they are more susceptible to infections. The urine dip stick, although a good indicator, is not entirely conclusive. The diabetes is often only discovered during a blood test at a medical.
The treatment for the illness largely involves lifestyle changes, and in particular diet and exercise. Diet is important to keep glucose levels under control by getting the balance right between fats, carbohydrates and proteins eaten at meals. For those newly diagnosed with it and still trying to regulate their diet is a difficult thing, but the best way is to seek out a good nutritionist or dietician.
The difficult thing is to get the calories and nutrients needed, but at the same time keep the glucose levels within the normal range, which will also help the individual to lose weight. The levels of simple sugars, saturated fats and cholesterol are kept low in Diabetic Diet Food, but also have small amounts of fruit and leafy green vegetables, also high fibre whole grains. Salmon, with their high levels of Omega 3 fatty acids provide the protein requirement. The diabetic food pyramid is a useful tool for planning meals.
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