Despite the fact that pregnancy is a totally natural and everyday procedure for women, there is no doubt that it imposes both mental and physical stresses and strains on the person involved.
Pregnant mothers worry about whether the baby is well and whether they are doing all they could to give their baby every opportunity to do well.
This is normal for normal, healthy women, so how much more worrying and how much more difficult must pregnancy be for diabetic women? Firstly, the diabetic mother-to-be has to make sure that she is ‘normal’ and then worry like any ‘normal’ mother. This can add up to a lot of extra pressure.
Nutrition, so diet, and exercise are the real keys to success here. I do not mean dieting to lose weight either. During pregnancy is not the ideal time to try to lose weight!
Rather, the pregnant diabetic has to eat sensibly and follow all the doctor’s advice on what to eat in order to promote the right development of the baby.
Most people talk of two types of diabetes: Type I or juvenile diabetes and Type II or on-set diabetes in those who get it later in life. However, there is a third, which just pregnant women can develop.
It most often occurs in the last third of the pregnancy and is not at all uncommon. In fact, The USA is the sole major country that calls it a disease.
It is known as gestational diabetes and some medical professionals think that it is a fairly normal part of pregnancy, although it can become exaggerated in some women. Around 3%-10% of pregnant women get gestational diabetes, depending on the population being monitored.
It can be easily treated in most cases, but must be treated, because it can have an impact on the baby and may have longer term complications for the woman. Normally, the indications of diabetes disappear after giving birth. It can however lead to type II diabetes if not treated.
Pregnancy for women who were diabetic before they became pregnant may become more of a problem and should be monitored more closely because of the continuous state of flux of hormones that pregnancy causes. Insulin is also a hormone, of course.
This does not mean that there will be issues, only that it is far less risky to be more cautious than normal. If the pregnancy was unexpected, there is nothing to be done, but being careful, but if a pregnancy is planned, then the woman should get her body in the best possible condition before attempting to conceive.
This means normalizing your weight and blood and being comfortable with the routines that a diabetic has to get used to. If you are comfortable with your situation, you will have that much less to worry about when pregnant.
It might be difficult for a non-professional to know whether a diabetic woman is fit enough to take on a pregnancy, so a visit to a physician is advisable.
There are risks for diabetic women who become pregnant. The worst of these worries are: diabetic retinopathy, hypertension, kidney disease, autonomic neuropathy or nerve damage to the internal organs, and cardiovascular diseases.
The risks can be reduced by frequent self-monitoring; medication; exercise and diet.
Owen Jones, the writer of this article, writes on a variety of subjects, and is now involved with diabetic friendly meals. If you would like to know more, please visit our web site at Cookbooks For Diabetics.
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