What Causes Diabetes, And How Is It Treated?

[youtube:VuwL2z7WgEY;[link:Symptoms Of Diabetes];http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuwL2z7WgEY&feature=related] The number of people with diabetes, specifically Type II Diabetes, is growing worldwide. In fact, based on a report by the WHO released last August 2011, there are approximately 346 million people across the globe who suffer from diabetes. There is great reason to be concerned with this trend because along with this is a growth in the number of deaths as a result of diabetes. In 2004, an estimated 3.4 million people died from consequences of hyperglycemia and the WHO projects that with the rate things are going, this number will double between 2005 and 2030.

Factors That Cause Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic illness which arises either because the pancreas is unable to yield enough insulin as with the case of juvenile diabetes or if the body cannot effectively use the available insulin like in the case of Type II diabetes. Increased glucose levels in the blood in pregnancy is also likely, in such case, it is known as gestational diabetes.

What are the symptoms and signs of diabetes There are three principal diabetes symptoms, and these are, excessive hunger, polyuria or excessive urine production which also leads to the third symptom: excessive thirst. Diabetics may also suffer from sudden weight reduction, easy fatigability, lesions that don’t heal as well or as quickly, blurring of vision, and dry and itchy skin. Sometimes, diabetes sufferers also report headaches, prickling sensation in the hands and feet as well as increased frequency of infections.

Complications of diabetes Diabetes elevates your risk for heart disease and CVA or cerebrocascular accident. Also, the reduced blood circulation, neuropathy, and wounds that take time to heal in the lower limbs elevates your likelihood of foot ulcers and possible amputation. Blindness due to retinopathy is also quite common for unmanaged diabetes. This disorder has an effect on all major organs within the body, most importantly the kidneys. Essentially, diabetes reduces the length and quality of one’s life.

Prevention Some lifestyle changes are known to help reduce the likelihood of developing diabetes. You should have a healthy body mass by being physically active and eating a healthy diet. Experts recommend devoting at least thirty minutes of regular, moderate intensity activity five days a week, and invest more hours if you need to lose weight. It’s also wise to comply with a diet with reduced sugar and saturated fat intake.

Diagnosis and management of diabetes

The earlier it is that diabetes is identified, the better. Diagnosis can be done by blood testing, which is inexpensive. Management of diabetes would include lifestyle modifications, oral hypoglycemic, and in many cases, regular insulin injections. Periodic checkup is also essential to check the progression of diabetes complications like retinopathy.

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